Different Types of Coffee Beans – A Definitive Guide


Do you know the key to a good cup of coffee? Good fun skills and tools are essential, but high quality coffee beans are an essential ingredient. You have no idea about coffee beans, or you are often confused by the terms of a bunch of coffee and you don’t know much about the types of coffee beans? Don’t worry; It doesn’t matter. In the following article, we will present important knowledge about the simplest and most understandable types of coffee beans.

What is a coffee beans?

This is the purest form of coffee available. Choosing to buy coffee beans means choosing the cost made by a tailor. The size of the grind, the freshness of the finish, and the source are thus controlled by the educated consumer who decides to control the whole preparation process (except roasting, of course!)!

So it is essential to know about the types of coffee beans while having an accurate idea about your coffee beans.

Also Read: Best Coffee Beans for Jura Machines

History of Coffee Beans

It was in this form that coffee usually reached Europe from Ethiopia and the Middle East. We often transport these cherries without flowing upwards. The merchants in the East took care to boil the grain so that the grains would not germinate; for them, the control of this trade was the way to keep it so juicy.

Italian, French, and Dutch merchants first came to us in the 17th century to introduce coffee along the Mediterranean basin. This product started to spread all over the country and be one of the most popular products in the world today.

The Properties of Coffee Beans

Coffee helps to retain all of its flavor and organoplastic properties. Informed customers can better understand that the grand is a more powerful and more fragrant complex. Coffee lovers consider this to be the main reason for buying fried beans. They usually leave it that way until the last moment before taking it.

The source of the coffees (Ethiopia, Brazil, Colombia, etc.) that you want to consume, as well as their roasting, must be considered to ensure that the result produced is inevitable. Be sure to choose coffee that matches your taste. The coffee bean packets that brands sell specified for the type of preparation for which the products will intend. For example, a robusta grown in Ivory Coast would give an Italian espresso, energetic and full of character, while an aubergine grown in Peru would be more suitable for filtering type, more fragrant, and more sophisticated in terms of uniqueness.

Different Types Coffee Beans

There are more than a hundred types of coffee today, two of which are Arabica , Robusta / Canfora, Liberica, Excelsa . These four types of coffee beans are very different in taste, composition, and planting conditions.

1. Arabica Coffee Bean (Arabia)

Arabica Coffee Coffee Beans

Expensive, soft taste, low caffeine Coffee.

Coffee ads often emphasize that they use 100% Arabica coffee. If you look at the price alone, Arabica will get better because the cost of Arabica coffee bean is double that of Robusta.

In terms of ingredients, Arabia has a low caffeine content (0.9-1.2%), a fat content of 60% higher than Robusta, and double the amount of sugar. Thus, the taste of Arabica is relatively sweet and soft, with a plum-like sour taste.

Aloe vera chlorogenic acid is relatively low (5.5-8%), and chlorogenic acid is an antioxidant. Still, it is also an essential ingredient for pest resistance, so Arabica is more sensitive to insects and climate. Usually planted at high altitudes, the fruit tends to be low and slow. The fruit is oval.

Currently, Brazil and Colombia, the largest developing countries in Arabia, produce only Arabica coffee.

2. Robusta Coffee Beans

Different Types of Coffee Beans - A Definitive Guide

Cheap, bitter taste, high caffeine Coffee.

In contrast, Robusta has higher caffeine (1.2-2.4%) and lower fat and sugar content; it has a bitter and more potent taste, and some people even call it ruby ​​flavor.

Robusta contains high amounts of chlorogenic acid (7-10%), and insects and climate do not quickly attack it. It is usually planted at low altitudes and produces many fruits and is fast, and the fruit is round.

Currently, the largest developing country in Robusta is Vietnam and also has production in Africa and India.

3. Liberica Coffee Bean

Liberica Coffee BeansLiberica coffee beans come with a different taste, the combination of fruits and flowers aroma just like a “woody. They are larger than other beans like Arabica or Robusta and cultivated in the definite weather. Liberica coffee beans make sure their quality and keep up the global market due to their irregular shape.

From the nineteenth century, these coffee beans have been used all over the world. Though the Philippines are the first harvested the Liberica plants, now Indonesia and Malaysia are also producing these types of beans.

Both the government and the farmers are generally satisfied with the cultivation and sale of these beans.

If you feel bored with the flavour of the usual coffee’s aroma, Liberica coffee is a great choice for you. No worries about its price because if you prefer to get high-quality things, you need to invest proper money.

Currently, these types of coffee beans are available in the world market. But, Philippine is the best place to find this original coffee bean, where it’s known as “kapeng barako”.

4. Excelsa Coffee Bean

Excelsa Coffee Beans

Another great type of coffee bean is Excelsa. Excelsa coffee beans are different from Arabica and Robusta. But, little similar to the Liberica beans. They are highly grown in Southeast Asia. Most of these coffee plants are twenty to thirty foot large.

So how to avoid its incredible tart and fruity flavour & excellent colour. Most importantly, Excelsa coffee beans are not available in the market, specifically outside of Asia. So you can’t find it easily like Arabica and Robusta. Even Excelsa represents merely 7% of the world’s coffee presentation.

As a coffee lover, you can get an unusual shape which is the combination of dark and light roasting. Excelsa and Liberica both provide similar irregular configuration as well as smoky taste that is different from other coffee beans.

The aroma of coffee usually comes from roasting coffee

The aroma and taste of coffee tend to produce after roasting. During the roasting process, the moisture of green coffee beans slowly releases, weight loss, color darkening, volume expansion, and aromatic oils are gradually released. Also, the large amount of chlorogenic acid present in green beans will gradually disappear with the baking process, release well-smelling fruit acid, and its taste will change with the length of the cooking time.

The things you need to know are the individual taste of coffee roast, which is usually related to choosing the next coffee beans

Coffee Beans VS Coffee Powder

After deciding to make your coffee, when you buy coffee, your job is to buy a whole coffee bean or ground coffee bean.

The aroma of coffee comes from roast oil, usually sealed in the holes in the coffee bean.

Also, the powder’s area in contact with the air increases, and it is at risk of moisture or degradation. Also, coffee beans help to preserve almost twice as much as coffee powder.

The special advantage of coffee powder

If you don’t always get time to sleep in the morning and grind coffee slowly or haven’t bought any equipment to grind beans, the coffee powder gives you the chance to enjoy a good coffee cup quickly. Suppose you decide to buy the coffee powder. In that case, we have the following two suggestions: (1) Buy the quantity for about two weeks together for your convenience, preserve the aroma as much as possible, and (2) store the coffee powder in a well-ventilated jar.

Is there any problem with crushing the beans yourself? It maintains a lot of fun and flavor!

Coffee beans are the complete form of preserving the taste of coffee and ensure the fresh and original feeling of the coffee. Some manufacturers mix coffee powder from different sources in the same packet, and after it becomes difficult for the buyer to confirm the cause of coffee.

Crushing beans is also excellent knowledge; trust us, once you start breaking beans yourself, you will never go back to the days of coffee powder. Self-made coffee helps to give it a great pleasure to try different flavors of different powdered thickness after mixing.

The Best Taste Period of Coffee

Do you look at the shelf life in the package before buying coffee? We want to tell you another important thing: the best taste of coffee is not equal to the shelf life, so it is important to pay attention during your roasting.

The date of roasting coffee beans presents freshness and usually fried fresh coffee beans in 2-3 days is the right choice. However, this is not the best time to get the best taste of roasted and purchased beans. In addition to the smell of smoke and the smell of the beans themselves, coffee beans emit nitrogen dioxide for about 48 hours after roasting (exhaust air), so coffee beans do not taste good immediately after frying and bread.

It usually recommends buying coffee beans for about two weeks. Coffee For coffee beans stored indoors, it is recommended to use them within two weeks when the taste is the best and most fragrant.

Price is Not Equal to the Quality

Due to the low price, Robusta is usually mixed with commercially available coffee powder to reduce the time spent. Most of the cheap instant coffee on the market today is rubbish, but its price does not match the quality. Good quality Robusta beans often use in espresso due to the rich creamer. Good Robusta tastes much better than bad quality arabica beans.

Therefore, the choice between the two coffee beans, mostly based on personal preference. If you are sensitive to caffeine, you must pay special attention to the caffeine content. The caffeine content of Robusta is usually double that of Arabic.

However, coffee is not limited to these two varieties. Because there are many different types of coffee beans. If you want, you can try Jaffa (Java), Kona (Kona), Sumatra (Sumatra), and other variations to add new flavor to your coffee experience.

The Specificities of Coffee Beans

The most significant advantage of brewing your coffee at home is the guarantee that it will not lose any of its aromatic and organoplastic properties.

No matter what your coffee tastes like, this will happen as a result of the desired extraction you choose to crush your beans before making them. However, be sure to adjust the grinding size to the drink you usually want to drink.

How is Coffee Beans Prepared?

In reality, its preparation ground is no different from the way coffee usually makes. Only the grinding stage is possible to avoid him.

After cutting and sorting, the coffee beans fried, during this process, all the flavors in them will help to express them. Their sugars allow them to caramelize and allow different aromatic ingredients and all oils to show each wine; usually, multiple reactions are affected.

After this operation, the grains will stand for several hours or even a few days to complete the digging time. This is because, after being heated and converted, the granules help the COO to escape. This is also one of the reasons why coffee bean packets equip with valves.

Finally, the beans need to condition, and you need to finish sending the coffee to the market before you can complete your journey. You can choose from various types of coffee beans.

What is recommended for coffee beans?

The taste of coffee beans usually sees to be affected by the production field, planting, processing, packaging, roasting, and other processes. How do you choose good quality coffee beans and differentiate the taste to your liking? For this, you need to start understanding coffee beans?

The smell of coffee Beans

Before we get into the basics, here are some collective nouns that describe the taste of coffee:

  • Acidity: Irritation is usually felt on the tip of the tongue when drinking coffee. It’s not generally like citric acid, but a fresh and hearty feeling that can enhance the coffee flavor sometimes called brightness. Acidity is a significant feature of coffee. Naturally, coffee without bitterness will taste very flat.
  • Aroma: The aroma of the coffee split is more varied than the taste felt on the tongue. Among the adjectives used to describe the smell of coffee is fruit, earthy, smoky, flower petals, berries, nuts, etc.
  • Body: The taste of coffee in the mouth, from light to water or skim milk like milk or cream and syrup.
  • After-test: Like the concept of wine tasting, it helps to understand the remaining taste in the mouth after drinking coffee. Some coffees usually follow by cocoa or chocolate; others find to contain fruits, berries, nuts, etc.
  • Balance: It evaluates the overall taste of the coffee. Good coffee beans have a balanced, layered, and soft aroma; Bad coffee beans usually present a single flavor.

In addition to the proper nouns above, there are several common adjectives used to describe high-quality coffee:

  • Melo: This usually refers to coffee with low to medium acidity and the right balance.
  • Light: Indicates that the coffee has a harmonious and delicate taste and refers to great American South American coffee at high altitudes.
  • Soft: Low acidity, somewhat sweet coffee, usually Indonesian coffee.

If you know the terms that describe the taste of coffee, let’s take a look at the factors that affect the taste of the coffee

The source of coffee beans

Coffee veterans know: Drinking depends on alcohol; coffee drinking depends on the root. The soil, climate, and altitude of the production field are the essential elements that help shape the taste of the coffee. Coffee that grows from different sources tastes very different. We have now compiled for you the coffee flavor characteristics of several major producing regions:

  • Brazil: Most Robusta is easily usually made with a strong taste and silica chocolate after toast. The coffee products in the supermarket come from Brazil.
  • Central America and Colombia: Relatively mild taste, the right balance, low acidity, and rugged. It is even more popular in the United States.
  • Indonesia: Earthy aroma or smoky odor, with the bitter cocoa aftertaste.
  • Ethiopia: The source of coffee, strawberries with great varieties, or blueberries after toast, many are commonly described as syrups.
  • Kenya: Dense flavor, slightly tomato sour.
  • Hawaii: There are Sweet, gentle, and soft.
  1. The process of planting and processing coffee beans

In addition to the place of origin in general, the method of cultivating coffee beans and extracting coffee beans (whether the working conditions of the farmworkers allow them to maintain good working quality) also affect the taste of the coffee. A right coffee plant tends to produce bad beans.

The process of harvesting coffee beans is also considered very important. It usually has three standard processing methods: sun exposure, water washing, and honey processing. Sun-dried coffee beans are rich in fruit flavors, sweet aftertaste, and high in flavor—coffee beans fruit or flower aroma, moderate acidity, and less painful.

Currently, there are different classification methods in the world according to the size of coffee beans, quality of post-processing, and planting height, which can also use to judge the quality of coffee beans. Besides, packaging has some coffee for fair trade, sustainable development, organic farming, high altitude, and other proof labels, quality coffee beans on this label are mostly not bad. Although some evidence is not directly related to quality,

They point out that these coffee beans have a careful process.

  1. Green coffee bean preservation

Green coffee beans are very stable before roasting and can usually store for one year in the right conditions. However, moving to a place with high humidity can create bacteria, and coffee beans can also contaminate with air.

This refers to the so-called “mature” coffee beans stored in the low-humidity and high-altitude environment of the source, and regularly keep fresh to cultivate the aromatic taste. Coffee beans usually taste good, but they are expensive. The coffee beans in the warehouses are not old beans, so don’t be fooled.

  1. Roast coffee

When roasting beans, it affects the appearance and taste. The easiest way to judge is that the more fried the beans, the less sour and the less caffeine content. Let us briefly list the coffee flavors produced by the different roast times for your reference.

  • Light Roast (Light Roast): It usually has a hard green grass flavor and no aroma, so it rarely uses for flavoring.

Cinnamon Roast: It makes with high acidity and somewhat aromatic, American coffee.

  • Medium fried: The taste is sour and bitter, and the aroma is medium. This helps to retain the original taste of coffee beans. It often uses to make americano coffee or blended coffee.
  • High Roast: Here, Rich taste, balanced acidity, and bitterness, slightly sweet, aroma, and flavor.
  • City Roast: The acidity is lower than the medium-deep roast, which shows the coffee’s taste. It is commonly known as the ideal roast layer, and it is most popular among familiar people.
  • Roast the whole town: the bitterness is slightly more durable than the sour taste, the aftertaste is sweet and full of aroma. It mostly uses to make iced coffee or black coffee.
  • French Roast: Usually bitter, robust taste, without sour, and smoky aroma.
  • Italian Roast: Beans have a glossy surface, intense bitterness, and a burnt taste and are mainly used to make espresso coffee.

The Advantages of Coffee Beans

Freshness! Here you will find the main benefits of buying your coffee beans. Before it is ready, all the aromatic complexities of it reveal during crushing. The best way to appreciate the aroma of a particular coffee is to crush your beans before tasting.

Barrister Tip: Make sure you store your grain stock, well protected from light. Light grains can damage crops as much as they do damage. It would be best if you chose a machine with an opaque bean container, which will protect your coffee as much as possible, helping to reveal all the strength and complexity of each scented note and its taste.

The Disadvantages of Coffee Beans

It is essential to equip a grinder or a machine attached to a blender to take coffee beans. These tools can certainly make it possible to adjust the grinding as a function of the preparation method that can use to run the extraction of aromas.

At the trade and manufacturer level, this form needs to work quickly to manage and sell coffee. Coffee is usually damaged if transport or storage takes too long. It often sold fresh, and when it arrives at the destination, it set where it will traditionally sell.


From the above discussion you can get basic knowledge of coffee bean identification and along with this you will get the experience of choosing different types of coffee beans and the different coffee bean flavors will help you to get the taste of your choice. After reading this article, congratulations because you must have set foot in the world of coffee.

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